Scoliosis: Types, Causes, and Treatment Options

Scoliosis is a condition characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. While the spine naturally curves slightly inwards in the neck (lordosis) and outwards in the upper back (kyphosis), scoliosis causes the spine to deviate sideways in an “S” or “C” shape. This blog post will delve into the different types of scoliosis, explore potential causes, and discuss treatment options.


Scoliosis Types

It can be categorized based on location, cause, and the number of curves present:

  • Location:
    • Cervical scoliosis: Affects the neck (least common)
    • Thoracic scoliosis: Affects the upper back (most common)
    • Lumbar scoliosis: Affects the lower back (can occur alone or combined with thoracic)
    • Thoracolumbar scoliosis: Involves both the thoracic and lumbar regions
  • Cause:
    • Idiopathic scoliosis: Most common type, with no known cause, often diagnosed during childhood or adolescence.
    • Congenital scoliosis: Present at birth due to spinal malformations.
    • Neuromuscular scoliosis: Develops due to underlying neuromuscular conditions like cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy.
    • Degenerative scoliosis: Occurs in adults due to wear and tear on the spine.
  • Number of Curves:
    • Single curve: The spine curves in one direction (C-shaped)
    • Double curve: The spine curves in two directions (S-shaped)



Symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the curvature. Some common signs include:

  • Uneven shoulders or hips
  • One shoulder blade appearing more prominent
  • Uneven ribcage
  • Back pain (may not always be present)
  • Difficulty standing straight



The exact cause of idiopathic scoliosis, the most common type, remains unknown. However, genetics and hormonal changes during puberty are believed to play a role. Other types can be caused by:

  • Birth defects: Affecting the development of the spine’s vertebrae or ribs
  • Neuromuscular conditions: Affecting muscle control and nerve function in the back
  • Degenerative changes: Related to wear and tear on the spine in adults



It is often diagnosed during routine physical exams, especially in children. Physicians may use various methods, including:

  • Physical examination: Checking for uneven shoulders, hips, and ribcage.
  • Scoliosis screening tests: Forward bend test (Adams forward bend test) to observe spinal alignment.
  • X-rays: To confirm the diagnosis and measure the curvature of the spine.


Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the severity of the curvature, age of diagnosis, and type of scoliosis. Options may include:

  • Observation: For mild curves, monitoring may be sufficient.
  • Bracing: Wearing a back brace for several hours daily can help prevent curve progression in growing children.
  • Physical therapy: Exercises to improve posture, flexibility, and core strength can support treatment. Here at Healing Edge, our experienced physical therapists can design a personalized exercise program to address your specific needs.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the curvature and prevent further progression.


Living with Scoliosis

With proper diagnosis and management, most people with scoliosis can lead active and fulfilling lives. Regular checkups and adherence to treatment plans are crucial. Visit this website to get more comprehensive information on all aspects.


Schedule a Consultation at Healing Edge

If you suspect you or someone you know might have scoliosis, seeking professional evaluation is essential. Here at Healing Edge, our team of experienced healthcare professionals can diagnose, discuss treatment options, and create a personalized plan to manage the condition. Schedule a consultation today to discuss your concerns with one of our specialists.